Dr. Michael Walter

Associate Professor

Dr. Michael Walter

Office - MSH 183

Research Lab - MSH 174

(319) 273-6490

Dr. Michael Walter

Associate Professor

  • Ph.D. 1991 Plant Pathology, Washington State University
  • M.S. 1986 Plant Pathology, Oregon State University
Teaching Interests

My greatest successes come with a hands on - connect this concept to something you already know - approach. Microbiology 840-151 Virology 840-144 Bioinformatics Applications for Biologists 840-127g Life-The Natural World: Lecture 840-012 Cell Structure & Function 840-052 Professional Science Masters Seminar 820-289 Undergraduate Research Seminar 840-189

Research Interests

Projects in the Virology Lab:

Viruses parasitic to bacteria (bacteriophages - phages') are the most abundant and most diverse form of life' on the planet. Some phages kill dangerous bacteria, and therefore are potentially useful to humans. Our lab takes both basic and applied approaches to studying phages of the anthrax bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. At the basic level, we ask: How can we quickly distinguish these phages from one another and how many different types of B. anthracis phages are there in the soil community: what is the species richness'? Our applied research includes characterization of phages that kill B. anthracis. This bacterium has a long and ugly history in terms of human and livestock disease, and now bio-terrorism, so there is plenty of interest in controlling damage.

The student projects currently underway range from standard virology to phage-based therapy and decontamination, to phage-bioinformatics. Students may work on growing, isolating and characterizing phages (using a safe-strain Bacillus host) which feeds data into several projects:

Initially, phages are identified, named and characterized by structural protein content. Phage protein profiles help with an ongoing project describing the number of different phages specific to B. anthracis in soils (species richness'). Our first publication on the species richness of 1 soil sample is in preparation as Gabe Connell completes his MS degree.

Phage DNA data feeds into our growing UNI-phage data base, which we use to compare our phage DNA to others, using web-based bioinformatics tools. This helps us to characterize phage genes that might code for bacteria-binding-and-bursting enzymes. Our collaborations with Michael Thomas, Associate Prof. - Bioinformatician, Idaho State University, has resulted in a nearly complete DNA sequence for phage SBP8a that was characterized as adhering to B. anthracis spores.

Last, and most exciting, we have current collaborations with certified bio-containment labs (elsewhere). Students help test our candidate phages here at UNI (against safe strains) for spore-adherence and bacteria-killing ability, then send the best ones out for testing. Since the number of phages is nearly uncountable, the opportunities are great. Phage SBP8a did not prove effective against really high spore doses in mice models, but we are currently seeking funding to have similar tests carried out at lower, more meaningful spore doses.

Our 'Battlelle-Iowa State Board of Regents'-funded project saw the design and development of a spore detection prototype, which was tested successfully (under sub-contract, at BSL3, with Ames Strain spores). This device made use of quartz-crystal microbalance technology, coupled with our selected bacteriophages (as spore-binding affinity reagents). We are currently seeking funding to move the project into the next development stage, where we will improve phage selection and simplify/miniaturize the detector hardware.

We collaborate with the Molecular Biology, Environmental Microbiology, Plant Molecular Biology, Plant Anatomy and Immunology Labs in the Department of Biology and with the Computer Science Department. Collaborative projects might also include: grapevine bacterial or virus disease research, and plant disease research projects.

Professional Accomplishments